Varicose veins are one of the most common vascular diseases. However, in its early stages, varicose veins can be asymptomatic with just visible dilated vein over the thigh or calf. This happens when blood flows back towards the feet instead of returning to the heart because of faulty vein valves, commonly manifesting as varicose veins.

However, this condition is largely undiagnosed and untreated. In its early stages, the symptoms appear as spider veins: small, reddish purplish veins caused by the same underlying condition – chronic venous insufficiency. It is often misconstrued as an aesthetic issue or a normal element of ageing.

Left untreated, varicose veins can cause swelling of the leg, discolouration of the skin, eczema and ulcers can develop.


If you are experiencing two or more of the following symptoms, please seek medical advice:

  • Swelling of the legs and ankles
  • Feelings of heaviness
  • Fatigue
  • Aching, cramping, burning, or itching in the legs
  • Discoloration of the skin
  • Ulcers and open wounds